1"Living Spring Journal - Issue 1 (May 2000) - Notes & Queries 3." Student Subdomain for University of Bath. Web. 30 May 2011. <http://people.bath.ac.uk/liskmj/living-spring/journal/issue1/notes/notes1c.htm>.

2Hutton, Ronald. The Pagan Religions of the Ancient British Isles: Their Nature and Legacy. Oxford, UK: B. Blackwell, 1991. 293.

3"Gilsland Bits & Pieces." Laverocks Home Page. Web. 30 May 2011. <http://www.laverocks.co.uk/gilslandmag/placenames.htm>.
The author argues for the retention of the traditional local name for this site at Hadrian's Wall Milecastle 48.

4Hutton 147-48.

5"Trumpet." National Museum of Ireland. Web. 30 May 2011. <http://www.museum.ie/en/list/artefacts.aspx?article=0a8a7a56-b35e-4b72-ba70-f288fea435c0>.
There is a video here about the discovery of the trumpet, and how it would sound (using a replica).

6Lynn, C. J., Chrintine Penn, Maureen McCorry, Moira Delaney, and Robert Lamour. "Trial Excavations at the King's Stables, Tray Townland, County Armagh." Ulster Journal of Archaeology Third 40 (1977): 42.

7Lynn 54.

8McCormick, Finbar. "The Dog in Prehistoric and Early Christian Ireland." Archaeology Ireland 5.4 (1991): 7-9.

9Lynn 47.

10Morris, Henry. "Emania at the Present Day." Journal of the County Louth Archaeological Society 2.3 (1910): 254-56.

11Paterson, T. G. F. Country Cracks: Old Tales from the County of Armagh. Dundalk: W. Tempest, Dundalgan, 1945. 45.
The dialect in the original has been removed for clarity. Also, the use of such dialect may imply a rascist attitude regarding the speaker. Here is an example of the original text: "An' he started till cut the bank an' it's so lovely an' round it wus a pity till destroy the shape."
According to W. H. A. Williams, "Although use of the peasant's brogue in travel writing suggested authenticity, it had long been a vehicle for comedy on the stage and in fiction. Many of the travel accounts, therefore, contain elements of Stage Irish humor, which, while they entertained, also served to emphasize the gap between the writer and reader, on the one hand, and the Irish peasant on the other. Much of the comic material came from Hibernian turns of phrase that popular entertainments had trained tourists to expect and to recognize. Few travel writers bothered to consider 'proverbial Irish wit' from the perspective of the peasantry. It was easier and more comforting simply to imagine that they had encouraged a 'genuine' Paddy, a real-life example of the Stage Irishman."
Williams, W. H. A. Tourism, Landscape, and the Irish Character: British Travel Writers in Pre-famine Ireland. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, 2008. 68.

12The King's Stables. 19 June 2010. Information sign at the site. Tray townland, Co. Armagh.
The sign warns the visitor, "The original bottom of the pool is more than 2 metres (7 feet) below the present surface which is VERY DANGEROUS and must NOT BE WALKED ON."