25Johnson, Walter. Byways in British Archeology. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1912, 25.
Remarking on the lighting of the Paschal Fire, D.L.T. Bethell wrote (crediting Anton Baumstark) that "This lighting of the Easter Fire received so much emphasis from the Irish and the Anglo-Saxons they converted that an older generation of liturgical historians actually thought it was invented in Ireland. That...is not so; it goes back to ancient Jewish lighting of the lamps for the Sabbath, it was...originally a utilitarian lighting for the long Easter vigil. But is was certainly the Irish who laid a special emphasis on its symbolism." (Bethell, D.L.T. “The Originality of the Early Irish Church.” The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Vol. 111 (1981): 36- 49.)