1Wilde, Lady Jane Francesca, and W. R. Wilde. Ancient Legends, Mystic Charms & Superstitions of Ireland: with Sketches of the Irish past. London: Chatto & Windus, 1902. 235.

2"Fuerty." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Oct. 2013. Web. 18 Dec. 2013. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuerty>.
"The existing ruins are of a 17th-century Church of Ireland. The tower was added in 1790 but the church was destroyed by fire in 1870."

3Connolly, Liam. "Fuerty Fairy Fort." Personal interview. 19 July 2013.

4Gregory, Augusta, and W. B. Yeats. Visions and Beliefs in the West of Ireland. Vol. 2. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1920. 216.

5Carleton, W. "Irish Superstitions - No. 3 Ghosts and Fairies." Irish Penny Journal 1.23 (1841).

6"Assorted Newspaper Accounts from Tipperary - Printed in the London Times." Ireland Genealogy Projects: Tipperary Genealogy. Ed. Sheryl Zenzerovich. Web. 18 Dec. 2013. <http://www.igp-web.com/tipperary/newspapers/newsaccts2.htm>.
In 1841 the Halls embellished the newspaper account with their own lurid details: "The poor dying child was threatened with a red-hot shovel and a ducking under a pump if he did not disclose where the real John Mahony was; and so successful were the actors in their scheme devised for the expulsion of the fairy, that the feeble child, after being held near the hot shovel, and also having been taken a part of the way to the pump, told them he was a fairy, and that he would send back the real John Mahony the next evening if they gave him that night's lodging. This occurred on Tuesday night last, and the child was dead the next morning." ( Hall, S. C., and A. M. Hall. Ireland, Its Scenery, Character, etc. Vol. 3. London: How and Parsons, 1841.)

7Croker, Thomas Crofton. Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of Ireland. Vol. 2. London: John Murray, 1828. vii-ix.
The author was here quoting from the "Tralee Assizes," of July, 1826 as noted in the Dublin Evening Mail of April 18, 1827.

8McGrath, Thomas. "Fairy Faith and Changelings: The Burning of Bridget Cleary in 1895." Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 71.282 (1982): 178-84.
"Bridget Cleary." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Dec. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridget_Cleary>.
"The Extraordinary Case in Tipperary." The Irish Times [Dublin] 27 Mar. 1895: 5. Also: 26, 28, 30 March and 2, 3, 6, 8 April 1895.
An image of the Irish Times story from March 30, 1895 may be seen here.

9Ní Dhomhnaill, Nuala, and Paul Muldoon. The Astrakhan Cloak. Winston-Salem, NC: Wake Forest UP, 1993. 59.
In another poem from the same volume, "The Battering," Ní Dhomhnaill provides a harrowing vision of a what may be a mother's account of reclaiming her child from the fairies, or the story of a delusional child abuser (excerpt):

I only just made it home last night with my child
from the fairy fort.
He was crawling with lice and jiggers
and his skin was so red and raw
I've spent all day putting hot poultices on his bottom
and salving him with Sudocrem
from stem to stern.
If they try to sneak anything past
that's not my own, if they try to pull another fast
one on me, it won't stand a snowball's
chance in hell:
I'd have to bury it out the field.
There's no way I could take it anywhere next
or near the hospital.
As things stand,
I'll have more than enough trouble
trying to convince them that it wasn't me
who gave my little laddie this last battering.